What does KPJ Ampang Puteri offer patients?
How many specialists are there and what accreditation's have been awarded to KPJ Ampang Puteri?
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Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) or AV Canal is a congenital (present at birth) heart defect that occurs when there is a hole between chambers of the heart and problems with the valves regulating blood flow in the heart. It allows extra blood to flow to the lungs, forcing the heart to overwork. This can cause the heart muscle to enlarge. AVSD can involve all four-chambers of the heart (complete) or only the two upper chambers (partial).
If left untreated, AVSD can cause high blood pressure in the lungs and heart failure. Surgery is generally recommended by doctors during the first year of life to close the hole in the heart and reconstruct the valves. If possible, surgery is delayed until the baby is about 4 to 6 months of age to lower the risks of the surgery. In this case, medicines can be used to control symptoms and ensure adequate weight gain while waiting for surgery.
If your child does not have other heart problems, it may take about 3 to 4 weeks for them to completely recover after surgery. In some cases, it may take 6 to 8 weeks until your child can be back to their usual behavior. Their doctor will let you know about the exact recovery time.
AVSD treatment is usually very successful and most children do well after surgery. About 95% of patients can do very well without any significant complications after surgery. It is reported that the long-term survival of children with complete AVSD who received treatment is 85% at 5 years, 82% at 10 years, and 75.9% at 15 years.
Although the success rate is high, there are some risks and side effects with the procedure. These include bleeding, infection, embolization to the brain, and problems with the heart rhythm.