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Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of a kidney. There are two types of surgery for nephrectomy: radical nephrectomy (to remove the entire kidney and tissues of fat that surround the kidney) and partial nephrectomy (removes only diseased tissue from a kidney and leaves the healthy tissue in place). The surgery is performed to treat kidney cancer and other kidney diseases. Sometimes, it is also performed to remove a healthy kidney from a donor for a transplant.
Nephrectomy can be performed through laparoscopic or open surgery. Both are performed under general anesthetic. Laparoscopic nephrectomy is usually performed to remove part of your kidney. Your surgeon makes small incisions in your abdomen to insert the laparoscope and small surgical tools. If your entire kidney needs to be removed, your surgeon will use open surgery. During open surgery, your surgeon makes one large incision on your abdomen or along your side.
You are required to stay in the hospital for two to five days. Plan to stay in Villach for around 10 to 14 days because you are likely to develop deep vein thrombosis after the surgery. You will also need to attend follow-up checkups, during which your surgeon will remove your stitches.
The recovery period after a nephrectomy may take around three to six weeks. During your recovery period, you should avoid any strenuous activity and follow the post-operative instruction that your surgeon gives you. The instruction usually includes dietary restriction, exercise, and care for your healing wounds
Most people can function well with only one kidney. After the procedure, you can resume your daily routine and activities after 3 weeks. However, you will likely need checkups to monitor kidney function. These include monitoring your blood pressure, waste filtration, and protein urine levels. Since you only have one kidney, you will need to eat a healthy diet and engage in regular exercise to preserve normal kidney function.
Nephrectomy is generally safe and the risks are very small. Partial nephrectomy has about a 95% success rate. Nevertheless, the procedure carries potential risks, such as bleeding, injury to nearby organs, infection, post-operative pneumonia, and rare allergic reaction to anesthesia.
For certain illnesses, there are alternatives that do not need the removal of a kidney. The alternatives include renal embolization.
After nephrectomy, you will no longer experience symptoms that you had before the surgery. The risk of cancer, as well as cancer spreading to other parts of your body, is also reduced. Remember that taking care of your remaining kidney is extremely important.
Whilst the information presented here has been accurately sourced and verified by a medical professional for its accuracy, it is still advised to consult with your doctor before pursuing a medical treatment at one of the listed medical providers. This content was last updated on 28/11/2020.