Local tourism options
Local transportation booking
Medical records transfer
Online doctor consultation
Phone in the room
Private rooms for patients available
TV in the room
ISQua - The International Society for Quality in Health Care
CHKS Healthcare Accreditation
The Leading Dental Centers of The World
Nobel Biocare Fellowship Program
Zimmer Biomet Dental Education Program
EVF - European Venous Forum
EFQM - European Foundation for Quality Management
IDA - International Dental Academy
ICA - International Chiropractors Association
MCA - McTimoney Chiropractic Association
UCA - United Chiropractic Association
ICS - International College of Surgeons
IACD - International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology
ISDS - International Society for Dermatologic Surgery
EBOPRAS - European Board of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
IAAFA - International Academy of Advanced Facial Aesthetics
WALT - World Association for Laser Therapy
ISHRS - International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery
AAHRS - Asian Association of Hair Restoration Surgeons
ESCAD - European Society for Cosmetic and Aesthetic Dermatology
William Glasser Institute - Reality Therapy Certified
EAC - European Association for Counselling
IFSO - International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorde
TÜV SÜD - Technischer Überwachungsverein SÜD
TÜV NORD - Technischer Überwachungsverein NORD
BIOMET 3i Education Program
EURAPS - European Association of Plastic Surgeons
Center of Excellence in Bariatric Surgery
IAOMS - International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Treatment Abroad Code of Practice
IFFPSS - International Federation of Facial Plastic Surgery Societies
FIGO - International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
IFED - International Federation of Esthetic Dentistry
EOS - European Orthodontic Society
IBMS - International Board of Medicine and Surgery
EAFPS - European Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery
ESCD - European Society of Cosmetic Dentistry
ESCRS - European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons
NASS - North American Spine Society
ESHRE - European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
MPS - Medical Protection Society
European Journal of Ophthalmology
ISRS - International Society of Refractive Surgery
JCRS - Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
JPGM - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
ESPRAS - European Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
OSAPS - Oriental Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
RS - The Rhinoplasty Society
FRANZCOG - Fellow of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians a
IFOMPT - International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapist
WFO - World Federation of Orthodontists
ITI - International Team for Implantology
ICOI - International Congress of Oral Implantologists
Dentsply Friadent Implant Programme
IMTEC Sendax Mini Dental Implants Systems
IAO - International Association for Orthodontics
AAO - Asian Academy of Osseointegration
WAAAM - World Anti-Aging Academy of Medicine
WOSIAM - World Society Interdisciplinary Anti-Aging Medicine
ESE - European Society of Endodontology
ECAMS - European College of Aesthetic Medicine and Surgery
IABCLL - International Academy of Body Contouring and Laser Lipolysis
IAFGG - International Association of Facial Growth Guidance
IBCS - International Board of Cosmetic Surgery
IMDHA - International Medical and Dental Hypnotherapy Association
EAO - European Association for Osseointegration
ISD - International Society of Dermatology
IFAD - International Federation of Aesthetic Dentistry
IBHRS - International Board of Hair Restoration Specialists
IAHRS - International Alliance of Hair Restoration Surgeons
EDA - European Dental Association
IASP - International Association for the Study of Pain
ADI - Academy of Dentistry International
EAPD - European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
EACMD - European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders
ESHRS - European Society of Hair Restoration Surgery
ICD - International College of Dentists Fellowship
UIME - International Union of Aesthetic Medicine
APACS - Asian Pacific Academy of Cosmetic Surgery
McKenzie Institute International
ITEC - International Therapy Examination Council
ICA - International Cranial Association
I-ACT - International Association for Colon Hydrotherapy
CIBTAC - Confederation of International Beauty Therapy and Cosmetology
IFPA - International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists
ISBI - International Society for Burn Injuries
The Pankey Institute
PEFOTS - Pan European Federation of TCM Societies
URHP - Unified Register of Herbal Practitioners
AACD - Asian Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders
IMSA - The International Medical Spa Association
ACHSI - The Australian Council on Healthcare Standards International
CIDESCO - Comité International d'Esthétique et de Cosmétologie
ART - Active Release Techniques
ICPA - International Chiropractic Pediatric Association
CDA - Caribbean Dermatology Association
APAO - Asia Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology
FICCDE - International College of Continuing Dental Education Fellowship
GMC - General Medical Council
ISA - International Sleep Academy
ISCG - International Society of Cosmetogynecology
EPA - European Prosthodontic Association
ABSI - Advanced Body Sculpting Institute
EACMFS - European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
FILACP - Federación Ibero Latinoamericana de Cirugía Plástica
REDLARA - Rede Latino-americana de Reprodução Assistida
ALMER - Asociación Latinoamericana de Medicina Reproductiva
ICP - International College of Prosthodontists
EFP - European Federation of Periodontology
IADR - International Association for Dental Research
IODPT - International Organization for Dental Phobia Treatment
Academy of Operative Dentistry
The Dawson Academy
AAP - Asian Academy of Prosthodontics
AsianAOMS - Asian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
ISCD - International Society of Computerized Dentistry - Certified CEREC Trainer
SAAD - Society for the Advancement of Anaesthesia in Dentistry
PFA - Pierre Fauchard Academy
ISCD - International Society of Computerized Dentistry
YDW - Young Dentists Worldwide
APAD - Asia Pacific Academy of Dentistry
ACDNA - Academy Of Computerized Dentistry Of North America
WSLO - World Society of Lingual Orthodontics
HA - Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation
The Dental Council of Thailand
The Dental Association of Thailand
Thai Prosthodontics Association
Thai Society for Laser Dentistry
Medical Council of Thailand
Royal College of Surgeons of Thailand
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For everything you need to know about Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male)
Sex Reassignment Surgery (Male to Female) FAQ
What is the recovery time? If your job is not physically demanding, plan to take time off work for about 4 to 6 weeks after the...
Sex Change Operation (MtoF) Procedure Description
Also known as Gender Reassignment or Sex Change Surgery, involves the surgical procedures required to change a person’s sexual...
Everything you'll need to know about Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) in Thailand
What is the cost of Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) in Thailand?
Like any intricate healthcare process, the price for undergoing Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) is not a fixed figure in Thailand. The final tally significantly sways due to issues like the patient's comprehensive health status, distinct surgical necessities, and the operating surgeon's level of proficiency. It's vital, too, to factor in the cost of post-procedure care, prescribed medicines, and extra treatments, all of which substantially contribute to the total expenditure.
Moreover, distinct clinics situated in Thailand might provide an array of payment structures or offer financial aid alternatives. It's advisable to undertake thorough investigations or reach out to prospective clinics directly to obtain a precise cost prediction.
What does a Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedure Involve?
Anesthesia is given to ensure that the patient does not suffer from pain during the surgery. Top and bottom surgeries are performed differently.
Mastectomy: It is performed in two ways. In one method, an incision is given around the areola and excessive fat and breast tissue are removed through it. The skin is left as it is for a year. It retracts in this period of time. This method leaves prominent scars. In the other method, excess skin is also removed along with the tissue and fat. This leaves fewer scars. After this, male-like the contour of the chest is obtained.
In the other step, female reproductive organs that are present inside your body are removed.
Hysterectomy: Total Hysterectomy is the removal of uterus and cervix. Another surgery, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is performed to remove fallopian tubes. In this way, the entire female reproductive system is eliminated from the body.
After this, procedures for the construction of male reproductive organs begin. They include,
Metoidioplasty: Androgenic hormones are given to increase the length of the clitoris. Length is increased to almost 1.6 to 2 inches.
Phalloplasty: It is performed to create a penis or to increase the length of it. It can be done in 4 ways. All of these work on the same principle. A flap of skin is taken from a donor site of the body such as an arm or abdomen to make a penis out if it. It is joined to the urethra. This is the most complicated step of GRS. An erectile prosthesis is inserted into the penis to achieve an erection.
Scrotoplasty: Scrotum is produced from labia majora and prosthetic testes are inserted into it.
How Long Should I Stay in Thailand for a Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedure?
It is a long procedure involving a number of surgeries. There is top surgery and bottom surgery. Mastectomy takes 2 to 3 hours in the operation theatre. While bottom surgery requires more time. It takes 8 to 10 hours for a female to male GRS. You should plan to stay in the area for at least 14 days after your Procedure, During this duration, your health conditions are monitored regularly and your stitches are removed after 10 to 14 days. You can go home when allowed to by your physician.
What's the Recovery Time for Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedures in Thailand?
You will have to take 2 weeks off work. After 2 weeks, you can start a light activity and can go back to office work. A Patient will need more time to get back to physical work. You can start strenuous activity 4 to 6 weeks after bottom surgery. Pain killers are given in this period to deal with moderate pain. Scars take some time to fade away. It can take years after the surgery to settle both physically and psychologically.
What sort of Aftercare is Required for Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedures in Thailand?
Following points should be considered to look after you post-surgery:
Go for regular check-ups.
Take your medicines as and when prescribed by the doctor.
Live with someone who takes care of you while you recover.
Abstain from sexual activity till allowed by your doctor.
Do not take a bath or shower with bandages intact. It can cause infection.
Avoid strenuous exercise in the early few days after surgery.
Do not lift heavy objects; it puts pressure on your stitches.
Avoid excessive movement. Take a rest.
What's the Success Rate of Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedures in Thailand?
The success rate of Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) within Thailand depends on a spectrum of elements. Such factors encompass the proficiency and prior expertise of the surgical unit, the comprehensive health condition of the person, their mental readiness, and compliance with the suggested after-treatment attention. An abundance of research has pointed out that a majority of individuals who choose Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) acknowledge a marked enhancement in their lifestyle quality, elevated mental health, and a noteworthy contentment level with the physical transformations.
According to a study, 97% of the people who went through this surgery found their results satisfactory. You need to be sure before opting for it, as it is a lifetime decision. GRS is mainly for the treatment of dysphoric and transgender people.
Are there Alternatives to Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) Procedures in Thailand?
The following are some alternatives to sex reassignment surgery:
Hormone replacement therapy: this therapy aids in changing your secondary sex characteristics according to your desired sex. In the case of female to male sex change, testosterone is given. This induces hair growth and coarseness of voice. It reduces breast growth and changes in fat distribution in your body. It also stops menstruation.
Altering physical appearance: you can alter your physical appearance, your dressing, your hair, your makeup in accordance with your desired sex. Do regular exercises to build up muscle mass which will make you look like a male.
Psychological counseling: it will make you handle your personality. Gender reassignment surgery cannot be reversed. Therefore, you should make your decision wisely.
Cosmetic surgery: it is a wide field covering a number of domains. It can alter your facial features, your body fat, your waist, your stomach, your chest to transform you into your desired gender. You can go for liposuction, mastectomy, Botox, fillers, Rhinoplasty, etc.
All of the methods, mentioned above are not permanent but are helpful. For permanent change, you have to go for sex reassignment surgery.
What Should You Expect Before and After the Procedure
Prior to initiating the Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male), it is necessary to ensure each individual undergoes thorough psychological analysis and counseling. These checks serve to affirm the patient's emotional readiness and ability to cope with the aftermath of the procedure. In addition to mental health evaluations, multiple medical assessments are implemented to inspect their overall health state. Recognizing any pre-existing health issues is of utmost importance as they can potentially impact the result of the surgery. Regularly scheduled consultations with knowledgeable healthcare professionals are fundamental to this process. These meetings will entail in-depth explanations and discussions to help formulate a holistic understanding of the entire procedure and its ensuing effects.
After the execution of the surgical procedure, there's a need for mental readiness for an extensive recovery period. This stage typically demands diligent post-procedure care and major lifestyle adjustments. Surgical recovery isn't typically a swift process - it's a path that entails physical changes and lifestyle adaptations, necessitating a period of adjustment for the patient. The adoption of healthy habits becomes particularly important during this period. Activities like regular physical activity, adhering to a nutritious diet, and incorporating stress-relief practices are proven to carry several benefits. Moreover, in addition to the emphasis on physical recuperation, mental health should also be prioritized equally.
What are Potential Risks of Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male)?
Each surgical procedure comes with inherent risks and potential complications, including Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male). These might encompass general surgical risks such as infection, bleeding, or adverse reactions to anesthetic drugs. Specific to Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male), there may also be healing-related risks, which could result in necrosis or lackluster cosmetic outcomes. Educating oneself about the possible complications of surgical procedures is beneficial for better preparation.
Additionally, extended exposure to hormonal treatment might escalate the risk of cardiovascular ailments or osteoporosis. There could also be mental health concerns such as depression or anxiety, which may spring from society's responses or personal adaptation to a new identity. Frequent consultations with a healthcare professional are essential to keep track of and mitigate any possible risks or complications.
Know your body and learn more
Watch this short video to understand more about Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) in in Thailand
Whilst the information presented here has been accurately sourced and verified by a medical professional for its accuracy, it is still advised to consult with your doctor before pursuing a medical treatment at one of the listed medical providers. This content was last updated on 17/07/2023.
Considering a trip to Thailand
Sex Reassignment Surgery (Female To Male) in and around Thailand
Thailand is consistently voted one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, leading the way for Asian countries with over 60 state-of-the-art JCI-accredited facilities. The country is renowned for its tropical beaches, floating markets, stunning royal palaces, and Buddhist temples. The vibrant capital, Bangkok, blends tradition and modernity with its ultramodern cityscape featuring brand-new high-rise condominiums side-by-side with quiet, serene canalside communities. As per the Tourism Authority of Thailand, Phuket, Koh Samui, Chiang Mai, Hua Hin, and Pattaya are the most sought-after tourist spots outside Bangkok, each boasting excellent yacht chartering opportunities.
Each year, Thailand opens its doors to hundreds of thousands of medical tourists. These individuals traverse the globe to receive treatment, with a significant number hailing from the local SE Asia region, Australia, the United States, and the Middle East. Recently, there has been an upsurge in the number of visitors coming in from China for medical purposes.
The reasons for Thailand's popularity as a medical tourism destination are its outstanding private healthcare system, attractive tropical climate, and competitive pricing. In the list of top medical tourism destinations worldwide, Thailand currently holds the third position. The procedures that attract most patients are cosmetic surgeries, including breast augmentations, gender reassignment surgery, and CoolSculpting, along with cardiac surgery, orthopedics, and urology.
Popular Parts of Thailand
Thailand, with a population of just under 70 million people spread over an area of around 500,000 square kilometers, has several regions and cities that are widely popular with both natives and tourists. Offering a diverse blend of urban and rural experiences, beach life and inland natural beauty, each part of Thailand offers a unique angle into the rich and complex Thai culture.
Arguably the most popular area of Thailand is the capital city, Bangkok. Consistently ranked as one of the most visited cities in the world, Bangkok is an ever-buzzing urban hub with its busy streets, modern lifestyle, magnificent temples and opulent palace, alongside a pulsating nightlife. This city is typically the entry gateway for a vast majority of the 30 million tourists who visit Thailand each year. Known for its glimmering cityscape and vibrant food scene, Bangkok is indeed a compulsory stop in every traveler's itinerary.
While Bangkok is the country's urban heart, there's more to Thailand than just its capital. Among the other popular regions are the beachside island paradise of Phuket and Koh Samui, the city of Pattaya, and Hua Hin - each of them a haven for beach lovers and anyone seeking a laid-back vibe away from bustling city life. However, for those who prefer the call of the inland and a dash of adventure, Chiang Mai, nestled in the lush jungles of northern Thailand offers a refreshing and unique proposition with its derivative local culture, serene temples and interaction with native wildlife.
Weather and Climate in Thailand
Known for its truly tropical climate and scorching temperatures, Thailand, in general, is hot and humid all year round. The coastal locations do benefit from the cooling sea breeze, a luxury urban Bangkok is denied. Average temperatures range from 28°C (82°F) up to 35°C (95°F). However, during the Hot Season (March to June), temperatures can top 40°C (104°F).
The infamous Rainy Season tends to start in July and continue through to October; during this time expect heavy rainfall, often amounting to flooding in some areas. It will remain warm to hot but humidity levels will rise and the mosquitos will come out to play!
November to February is often referred to as the Cool Season when less rain is expected and the temperatures tend not to rise above 35°C (95°F).
From a tourist perspective; the High Season lasts from November to March and the Low Season from April to October. But be aware of the Shoulder Seasons of April to June and September to October, when Thailand is less impacted by the Rainy Season and less busy with tourists – these can be the ideal times to visit.
In a nutshell, Thailand is a Shorts and T-shirt Country, you’re never really going to be cold, so pack light; shorts, t-shirts, vests, skirts, singlets, and light dresses. Maybe pack jeans and shoes if you’re planning on going to a swanky roof-top bar in Bangkok or to a temple where flip-flops are not acceptable.
Don’t forget mosquito spray as the little pests can get everywhere; big ones and little ones! Always protect against the sun; with high factor sunscreen and UV-protective sunglasses. The usual medications found at home should be available in most pharmacies.
Getting around in Thailand
With the Suvarnabhumi International Airport being serviced by some of the world’s major airlines, tourists can fly into Thailand from almost anywhere in the world, sometimes with a connection along the way. All the popular regions have their own international airports, with the exception of Pattaya, which is just a 90-minute taxi ride from Bangkok. However, arrival destinations are slightly limited outside of Bangkok, but the likes of Emirates and Qatar Airways will fly into Phuket International Airport. The rest, mostly fly in from local countries on budget airlines, including Scoot, SilkAir, AirAsia, and Lion Air to name a few.
For domestic flights, the airports are nicely linked in Thailand with flights from as little as $45 USD one way. There are several budget airlines servicing these routes, including Thai Lion Air, AirAsia, Nok Air, Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways, and Thai Smile.
The train allows for even cheaper travel within Thailand and is far more comfortable than spending hours sitting on a bus. Bangkok has the BTS, or Skytrain, which allows for fast transfer from the airport into the city. Given the traffic in central Bangkok, the BTS offers a great alternative to being stuck in traffic jams.
Taxis are great, however, be sure to confirm the price before you begin your journey or better still, insist the ride goes on the meter – that is how you guarantee the cheapest and fairest price. But expect traffic in the city and any built-up areas.
Tourist Visas in Thailand
Before you travel to Thailand, it is important to stay updated with the latest visa requirements. While a number of countries are eligible for visa-free entry, the rules can sometimes shift, making it essential to verify before you travel.
If you are travelling from countries like the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Australia, Singapore, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, and South Korea can enjoy a stay of up to 30 days in Thailand without needing a visa. On the other hand, if you are visiting from China, India, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan, you will be granted the facility of a visa on arrival.
To get a visa on arrival here are the requirements:
1. You need to have a valid passport with at least 6 months of remaining validity.
2: You would need to show proof of a round-trip ticket within 30 days and confirmation of your accommodation for the first night in Thailand.
3. You need to demonstrate that you have sufficient funds for your visit, which is 10,000 THB per person or 20,000 THB per family.
Don't forget to carry a recent passport-sized photograph. The fee for a visa on arrival is 2,000 THB, and you can pay it via cash or credit card.
The Thai Baht (THB) is the local currency. 1 USD is approximately around 34.5559 on average as of 2023.
ATMs are readily available across Thailand and accept virtually all major bank cards (Visa, Mastercard). Credit card payment is accepted in most established restaurants and outlets, with the more local food vendors, for example, only accepting cash.
Thai is the local language but due to the extremely well-established tourism industry in Thailand, English is spoken by most locals who work with tourists, and often signs will have an English translation.
Buddhism is the primary religion in Thailand, with a large Muslim population in the south. The Royal Family is deeply revered throughout the country and should never be disrespected.
There are many public holidays in Thailand, which aren’t always on the same day each year, including Songkran (Thai New Year), which is celebrated in mid-April, Labor Day, and Coronation Day in early May, Asanha Buja in July and Constitution Day in December.